Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of the Sikhs, sacrificed his life for the welfare of people on November 24, 1675. It is on this day when he was beheaded by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. Often referred to as Hind Ki Chadar, which means Shield of India, Guru Tegh Bahadur is considered as the most selfless martyr.
The martyrdom day of Guru Tegh Bahadur which is also known as Shaheedi Diwas of Guru Tegh Bahadur is commemorated every year on 24, November. Guru Tegh Bahadur who is revered as the ninth Nanak in Sikh religion sacrificed his life for the protection of human rights. Mainly to the right of a person to practice his or her religion without any hindrance. He was the one who defied the forced conversions of Kashmiri pundits and non-Muslims to Islam religion.
During 1600s, India was ruled by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. His aim was to convert India to an Islamic country so he started the forcible conversion of Hindus to Muslims and started from Kashmir and Punjab areas. Aurangzeb, as we know from our history books, was the most ruthless ruler. Kashmiri pundits saw a Messiah in him and asked him to help them. Guru Tegh Bahadur sacrificed his life in order stop this oppression. He resisted the conversion and stated that if Aurangzeb able to convert him successfully then all the Hindus follow suit. Soon, Guruji was arrested along with his followers and was subjected to physical torture for many days. He was publicly beheaded in the year 1675 on the orders of the emperor as he refused to convert to Muslim.
After Aurangzeb came to know about this, Guru Tegh Bahadur was arrested and presented before the Mughal ruler. Guru Tegh Bahadur clearly refused to take up Islam. As a result, he, along with his followers, were physically tortured for five days. In order to make him submit and convert to Islam, his followers were burnt alive in front of his eyes. Despite seeing that, Guru Tegh Bahadur refused to convert. As a result, Aurangzeb beheaded him at the Chandni Chowk square in broad daylight.